Economic Performance of Textile Machinery Industry in China (1-2, 2009)
China's textile machinery industry saw a continued decline in total profit and a hefty slump in imports and exports in the first two months of 2009. Analysts anticipated a continued weakening of momentum for China's textile machinery markets, owing to weaker consumer spending and easing export growth.
During the first two months, China's imports and exports of textile machineries fell sharply by 58.61 per cent in the first two month from a year earlier, totaling 404 million U.S. dollars. Included were 271 million dollars from imports, down 62.42 per cent; and 133 million dollars from exports, down 47.78 per cent.
Output and Sales
According to data collected from 1009 textile machinery manufacturers surveyed by China Textile Machinery Association (CTMA), gross industrial output value of the industry reached 6.613 billion yuan, down 16.62 per cent from the previous year's period; Sales revenue dropped 10.65 per cent to 6.937 billion yuan; Total profits of the industry plunged 77.38 per cent to 71.1 million yuan; 296 enterprises suffered losses, accounting for 29.34 per cent of the total. Losses amounted to 247 million yuan, 94.25 per cent higher than a year earlier; Profit ratio of production lost 2.89 percentage points to 1.07 per cent. Profit ratio of sales was only 4.15 per cent, with profit per capita of 514 yuan.
Total accounts receivable edged up 0.64 per cent to 7.146 billion yuan, taking up 22.56 per cent of the industry's average balance of current assets, which was 0.33 percentage points higher than that in the same period a year earlier.
Finished products of the industry rose 8.94 per cent to 4.525 billion yuan, taking up 14.28 per cent of the average balance of current assets, 1.28 percentage points higher from the year-earlier period.
Goods delivered for export slumped 53.38 per cent to 399 million yuan. Among the 22 textile machinery manufacturing provinces and municipalities, 15 exported their products to the overseas market.
Sales revenues of the textile machinery industry in major provinces and municipalities including Heilongjiang, Shanxi, Tianjin, Shanghai and Beijing went down. In contrast, those in Anhui, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Jiangxi and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region managed to grow. Jiangsu province led textile machinery manufacturers with a main operating revenue of 2.057 billion yuan, holding 29.65 per cent of the total. But its sales revenue fell 14.08 per cent from a year earlier. In February, sales ratio of the industry hit 100.22 per cent, up 7.26 percentage points from the same month last year.
All types of textile machineries saw a decline in imports from January to February. Non-woven machinery led the slump, down 92.38 per cent from the previous year's period. Knitting machinery ranked the first with imports valued at 90.24 million dollars, claiming 33.25 per cent of the total.
Germany (with exports valued at 100 million dollars, down 55.79 percentage points from the same month last year) was the largest textile machinery exporter to China in February, followed by Japan, Italy, the U.K. and U.S.
Foreign-invested enterprises were major importers in January and February, accounting for 45.67 per cent of the total. The imports mainly took the form of general trade, totaling 114 million U.S. dollars, accounting for 41.89 per cent of the total, 72.89 per cent lower than a year earlier.
East China's Zhejiang province led all Chinese provinces and municipalities in textile machinery imports, followed by Jiangsu, Guangdong, Beijing and Shanghai. Import value of Zhejiang slumped 30.74 per cent to 41.1259 million U.S. dollars, taking up 31.01 per cent of the total.
Textile machinery exports plummeted 47.78 per cent to 133 million U.S. dollars in the first two months from the year-earlier period, marking a new low since 2001.
Except for the 7.28 per cent growth in loom exports, exports of the other types of textile machineries all suffered a decline. Knitting machinery led the fall, down 32.9 per cent to $51US million.
India turned to out be the largest importer of China's textile machinery, followed by Bengal, Hong Kong (China), Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam, Iran, Burma, Pakistan and Germany.
Private enterprises ranked first in exports in January and February, accounting for 7.31 per cent of the total. The exports mainly took the form of general trade, totaling 113 million U.S. dollars, accounting for 85.12 per cent of the total, 42.23 per cent lower than a year earlier.
Yunnan province led all Chinese provinces and municipalities in the export growth of textile machinery, followed by Jilin, Xinjiang, Chongqing and Hebei. Shanxi, Hunan, Tianjin, Liaoning and Shanghai have seen a negative growth in exports.